Cannabis farming in the US began to take off in 2018 after the Farming Act of 2018 legalized the farming and processing of hemp in most states. Unfortunately, we are still being out-farmed by many countries that are way ahead of us in the game, making their cannabis farming business much more successful than ones in the US.

The good news is that the Farming Act of 2018 has helped the US become an active contender in the cannabis farming marketplace. This means that American-based companies can now financially support businesses at home rather than overseas. What may not have been a successful business to have just a few years ago may now be a booming business to be in, as long as you know how to maximize it.

The Basic Method of Growing a Cannabis Farm

A cannabis farm is a large tract of land with the sole purpose of planting, growing, and harvesting cannabis. Cannabis is a relatively easy crop to harvest, as it does not require extreme conditions to successfully grow. The cannabis plant prefers a warm, humid climate that is periodically watered.

Your cannabis farm does not require enclosures, but if you can enclose groups of your cannabis plants, we highly recommend it. Cannabis plants within greenhouse enclosures will help keep the temperature regulated and the atmosphere humid. However, it is not required to have your hemp grown inside enclosures, so long as you live in the proper climate.

Cannabis requires soil with a pH of around 6. If the soil is not rich in nutrients, the cannabis can grow but may need a boost of fertilizer to increase the nitrogen that is found within the plant, as nitrogen needs to be present during the entire life cycle of the cannabis plant.


The first step in growing a cannabis farm is planting the seed. Cannabis seeds should be purchased from a quality seller that you know and trust. Because cannabis seeds thrive in warm climates with an air temperature between 70 and 90°, it is recommended that you germinate the cannabis seed indoors so that you can control the climate. However, if you live in a climate with these conditions, you can plant the seeds outside without germinating indoors.

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Cannabis seeds or germinated sprouts should be planted about 6 feet apart so that they have plenty of room to grow without being restricted.

Watering and Caring

Once the sprouts have begun to appear, you will need to care for them by providing adequate water and a warm, humid climate. If you already live in a warm, humid climate, then you may not need to provide anything additional at this point except for water. However, if your climate is too wet or too cool, you may need to build enclosures to keep your cannabis plants protected, as well as construct a drainage system to keep the cannabis plants from being overwatered.

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One of the best ways to make sure your cannabis plants receive the right amount of water is by watering them liberally each morning so that they have water to last them throughout the day. Even if it rains, the extra water should not hurt them, especially if they are in a greenhouse enclosure.

The Advanced Method of Growing a Cannabis Farm

Like most areas in life, technology has allowed farming to operate like a well-oiled machine. If you don’t want to plant and harvest by hand, you don’t have to. Even if you don’t have favorable conditions for cannabis to grow, technology has allowed us to create conditions in which cannabis will thrive.

The concept will be the same for cannabis cultivation. You will have to plant, germinate, and grow cannabis using soil, water, and air; however, there is an advanced technology that will help expedite the process.

This method may cost more upfront, but you will have the ability to control all areas of the farming process. This includes climate, lighting, watering, soil nutrition, and pest control. You will likely need to use farm and agriculture equipment that is food-grade and designed for producing vegetation. This will ensure the equipment you receive can control each area of the farming process without cutting any corners.

Use a Hydroponic System

A hydroponic system is a farming system that does not use soil. Instead, the seeds are germinated in water, where they take root. Hydroponic systems are highly desirable because they rapidly-produce a stronger-quality crop. This means you can double or triple your cannabis harvest in the same time that it takes a traditional cannabis farm to harvest.

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Methods of hydroponic systems can be active or passive.

An active hydroponic system means that there is a programmed manner in which the cannabis root is being fed. It is a direct method of feeding nutrient-rich water to the cannabis roots with no restrictions or limitations.

Active hydroponic systems include the following:

  • Ebb and flow (flood and drain)
  • Nutrient film technique (NFT)
  • Drip feed
  • Aeroponics
  • Deep water culture/bubbler system

A passive hydroponic system is called a wick system or wicking. Wicking is where a reservoir of water is placed underneath the cannabis plants and uses a wick to connect the water to the plants in the tray. The wick passively waters the plant through a slow and indirect process, whereas the active hydroponic system waters the plants directly.

Which Method Will You Choose?

Cannabis farming can be as basic or as advanced as you choose. If you have a large tract of land where you can easily plant cannabis seeds, you can easily grow a cannabis farm business in just a few short months and become a top contender in the blazing marijuana economy.

If an area of land is not readily available, you can easily grow a cannabis farm by using a hydroponic system. The hydroponic system will allow you to control the environment of your cannabis farm, as well as produce a harvest in a quicker time than you would with large cannabis farms. So, which one will you choose to grow your cannabis operation and farming business?